FANDOM


Couplers, AlsoKnownAs Couplings are mechanical devices that join RailCars, so to compose Trains, themselves being an assembly of subcomponents: Knuckle, Head, Shank, Release, Striker, Yoke, DrawGear,... The coupler type on a given railcar is one of many factors (TrackGage, LoadingGage, Brakes...) that determine compatibility with a specific railway & other stock. Coupler types may be generally categorized as follows:
~ FullManual Couplers: trainmen must go between cars to couple+decouple Mech +Pneu +Elec connections.
~ SemiAuto Couplers: only Mech connection is automatic, Pneu +Elec connections are manual.
~ FullAuto Couplers: all Mech +Pneu +Elec connections are automatic.

Couplers Listed\Described\Depicted below are common & typical of those designs used WorldWide on legacy & modern railways. Compatible & like designs are often known by various Make\Brand\Regional\Nick names, which just as often cause confusion in the history & technical specs for couplers. Dimensions & ratings noted are of Nominal\Typical Components+Systems; Standards+Practices vary widely with Railway\Region\Era.

Pick any IMAGE above for info on a SPECIFIC type. Dead?Links MAY be revived from the WebArchive.

AARx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Janney \Nuck=Knuckle \VerticalPlane \McCo=McConway&Torley \PRRxPennRailRoad Couplers
> MCBxMasterCarBuilders \ARAx=AmericanRailroadsAssoc Couplers
> APTx=AmericanPublicTransport \AARx=AmericanAssocRailroads Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.AAR Animation 1873~1914 AARx\MCBx\Janney Development By E.Janney+McCo +PRR+MCB
Coup.AARC 1893~1914 ShoB 1893~1914 AARC\MCB5\Transition 0m229Nuck 0m235HeadMates With L&Px +MHPx
Coup.AARC=UICD=DHxx 1898~YLTD ShoB 1898~???? AARC\L&HD\DropHead 0m229Nuck 0m235HeadFor Psgr+FrhtStock
Coup.AARD=L&HS=SHxx 1903~YLTD ShoB 1903~???? AARD\L&HS\SwingHead 0m229Nuck 0m254Head For Loks+FrhtStock
Coup.AARD 1913~YYYY ASF3.Alli ShoB 1913~???? AARD\ASF3\Alliance3 0m229Nuck 0m254Head By R.Janney+ASF
Coup.AARD 1915~1931 NaCo.Baze ShoB 1915~1931 AARD\ARAD\Common0m229Nuck 0m305HeadBy A.Bazeley+NaCo
Coup.AARE 1932~YLTD ShoB 1932~2002 AARE\ARAE\Common 0m279Nuck 0m305Head For FrhtStock
Coup.AARF=InterLock 1954~YLTD ShoB 1954~???? AARF\APTF\InterLock 0m279Nuck 0m305HeadFor Loks+Frht Wags
Coup.AARH=APTH=TLxx 1947~YLTD ShoB 1947~???? AARH\APTH\TightLock0m279Nuck0m292HeadFor PsgrStock
Coup.AARI=L&HI=CBTI 1980~YLTD ShoB 1980~???? AARI\L&HI\CBTIndia 0m279Nuck 0m292HeadBy EsCoFor India Loks
Coup.AARR=RotarLock 1954~YLTD ShoB 1954~???? AARR\RotarDump 0m279Nuck 0m305HeadFor RotarDump Wags
Coup.AARS=ShelfBotm 2003~YLTD ShoB 2003~???? AARS\ShelfBotm 0m279Nuck 0m305HeadFor Frht Loks+Wags
Coup.AART=ShelfTwin 1978~YLTD ShoB 1978~???? AART\ShelfTwin 0m279Nuck 0m305HeadFor Hazardous Wags
> 1884~1885 L&Px+MHPx~AARC Coupler TransitionBegins With Janney\McCo Couplers
> 1888~???? JanneyMcCo Coupler Contour Patents Released To All Makers
> 1893~1914 L&Px+MHPx~AARC Coupler Transition Is Required In NAmerica
> 1898~???? AARC\L&HD\DropHead Coupler Developed+Used In Britain On Corridor +Unitized Stock
> 1903~???? AARD\L&HS\SwingHead Coupler Developed+Used In Germany+Britain+SriLanka
> 1904~1940 L&Px+NORx+L&Hx~AARx Coupler Transition Is Complete In China
> 1904~???? L&Px+L&Hx+NORx~AARx Coupler Transition Progressing In SAfrica
> 1915~1931 AARC~AARD\Bazeley CouplerTransition Is Required In NAmerica
> 1915~???? L&Px+L&Hx+NORx~AARx+SCHx Coupler Transition Progressing In Australia
> 1925~1925 L&Px+L&Hx+NORx~AARx Coupler Transition Is Complete In Japan
> 1928~???? AARH\APTH\TightLock Coupler Developed+Used On PsgrStock
> 1932~1953 AARD~AARE\Common Coupler Transition Is Required In NAmerica
> 1954~1970 AARE~AARF\InterLock Coupler Transition Is Optional On NAmerica HazMatFrht
> 1971~1977 AARE~AARF\InterLock Coupler Transition Is Required On NAmerica HazMatFrht
> 1972~???? NORx~AARx+SCHx Coupler Transition Progressing In NewZ
> 1978~1989 AARE~AART\ShelfTwin Coupler Transition Is Required On NAmerica HazMatFrht
> 1980~???? L&Px+L&Hx+NORx~AARx+SCHx Coupler Transition Progressing In India
> 2003~???? AARE~AARS\ShelfBotm Coupler Transition Is Required On NAmerica CommonFrht
> Standard In LatinAmerica +NAmerica +NewZ +Africa +Asia +Austrialia +China +India +Indonesia...
> Limited Use In Europe+Britain On Unitized Frht+Psgr Stock
> AARC +AARD +AARE +AARF +AARH +AARI +AARR +AARS +AART SubTypes Are COMPATIBLE
> Scale050% +Scale075% Used On Park\Tourist +Industry +Farm Stock Are INCOMPATIBLE
> CAKx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
> UpTo 0m533 TallNucks Are Used On Tram+Logging+Ferry Stock Running Rough\UnEven Track
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> AARx~CAKx Adaptor
> AARx~L&Px Adaptor
> AARx~L&Px Coupler With SplitNuck Used In NAmerica 1893~1914 Transition
> AARx~NORx Adaptor, Vid, Vid
> AARx~SCHx Adaptor
> AARx~SHIB Adaptor: JR, LAFLHenricot
> AARx~SHIB Coupler: JR, Vid
> AARx~L&HD DropHead Coupler Used In Britain +IreLand, Vid, Vid, Vid
> AARx~L&HS Coupler SwingHead Used In Britain, 1903 OriginalDesign By KruppAG\Germany
> AARx~L&HI SwingLink Coupler Used In India 1980~???? Transition, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid
> AARx~WABA Adaptor
> AARx~WABN Adaptor
> AARx~WABT Adaptor
MAKERS +VENDORS
AARC\MCB5\Transition
> ABCo ~Brit
> McCo.Bohoup\JanneyX\Kelso\Penn\Pitt
> NaCo.Climax\Latrob\Sharon\Tower
AARC\L&HD\DropHead
> BECo +Cook +CWE +LAFLHenricot +Wild ~Brit
AARD\ASF3\Alliance3
> ASF
> ADE
> CWE
> CPro.SASKop +Sable.SASKop +TedRail.SASKop ~SAfrica +Botswana +Tanzania +Zambia
> BKCo.Ultra +RIS.HD~Ausi
> JSWL
> LAFLHenricot.Atlas ~Congo +Dijibouti +Ethiopia +Ecuador +India
> LAFLHenricot.DType ~BeNeLux\NMBS\SNCB
> OMBES
AARD\ARAD\CommonUse
> NaCo.Bazeley
AARD\ARAD\Scale075%
> IrwinCarEquip.Sharon10 ~WP&Y
> OMBES
AARD\L&HS\SwingHead
> ADE.SwingLink ~India +SriLanka
> Cook.SwingHead ~Britain
> Krupp.SwingLink ~Germany+Australia
AARE\ARAE\CommonUse
> ASF
> ADE
> CPro
> CCCo
> Haiduo
> HTEE
> McCo
> MSR
> Newer
> OMBES
> Sable
> Strato
> TedRail
> UVZ.133 ~RussianExports
> WABT
> Yujin
AARF\APTF\InterLock
> CPro
> CCCo
> Haiduo
> HTEE
> KQMM
> Matrix
> McCo
> MSR
> Newer
> OMBES
> SAL
> Strato
> TedRail
> WABT
AARH\APTH\TightLock
> ADE
> CCCo
> Cook
> CWE
> Dellner
> EsCo
> JSWL.NCA ~Japan
> LAFLHenricot.HType ~BeNeLuxNMBS\SNCB.MS75
> Matrix
> McCo
> MSR
> NSSM
> OMBES
> Sanrok
> VDCo.20 ~USNY +VDCo.31 ~USIL
> Voith
AARH\APTH\Scale075%
> JSWL.NCB ~Japan
AARI\L&HI\CBTIndia
> EsCo +OMBES ~India
AARR\FR20\RotarDump
> ASF
> CPro
> CCCo
> Haiduo
> HTEE
> McCo
> Newer
> OMBES
> TedRail
AARS\SBE6\ShelfBotm
> HTEE
> McCo
> MSR
> OMBES
> SAL
> Strato
> WABT
AART\SE60\ShelfTwin
> HTEE
> McCo
> MSR
> SAL
> Strato
> WABT
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; ManlOnly Pipe+Elec With AARC~AARF
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec With AARH Appliances
> MaximumDraw =650kLb 2891kN; MaximumTons =36376sT 33000mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum*0.33~0.67
> AARC Mated Couplers TypicalContourSlack =1i188 0m030 +\-0i562 0m014
> AARD Mated Couplers TypicalContourSlack =1i406 0m036 +\-0i453 0m012
> AARE Mated Couplers TypicalContourSlack =1i141 0m029 +\-0i359 0m009
> AARF Mated Couplers TypicalContourSlack =0i688 0m018 +\-0i312 0m007
> AARH Mated Couplers TypicalContourSlack =0i257 0m007 +\-0i118 0m003
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ???? AARx=AmericanAssocRailroads: Ndex
> ???? APTx=AmericanPublicTransport: Ndex
> ???? ARAx=AmericanRailroadsAssoc: Ndex
> ???? MCBx=MasterCarBuilder: Ndex, Ndex
> 2018 NSWx=NewSouthWales \ ARIx=AustraliaRailIndustry \ IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2017 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2015 CRAx=CanadianRailwayAssoc
> 2015 BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2014 AARx=AmericanAssocRailroads
> 2014 SEPT=SouthEastPennTransport
> 2013 AARx=AmericanAssocRailroads \ NZTx=NewZTransit \ IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2012 AMTK=AMTraK \ IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2011 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2010 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign \ NSWx=NewSouthWales: Maintenance, ReBuild
> 2009 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2004 APTx=AmericanPublicTransport: Purchase, Maintenance, ReBuild \ IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2003 AARx=AmericanAssocRailroads \ CaBC=CanadaBritishColumbia
> 2002 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 1996 BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 1984 AARx=AmericanAssocRailroads
> 1979 PCFx=PacificCarFoundry
> 1973 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign Page92~97
> 1933 N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1925 ARAx=AmericanRailroadsAssoc \ N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1917 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder Page57~60
> 1914 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder \ N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1909 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder
> 1905 N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1903 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder
> 1897 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder
> 1893 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder \ ISCx=InterStateCommerce
> 1892 N&Wx=Norfolk&Western \ N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1887 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder \ N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 1f500 0m457 GageTrack Of USCa: BJWC, AARC\050%
> 1f333 0m406 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack Of USMe: WW&F, AARC\075%
> 1f667 0m508 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack Of Australia: VR +PBR, AARC\075%
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of USAk: WP&Y, AARD\075%
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of USPa: EBT, AARC\075%
> 2f583 0m787 +\-0f416 0m127 On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of USCo: D&SP +D&RG, AARC\MCB5
> 1f837 0m560 +\-0f082 0m025 On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Cambodia +Burma +Thai
> 2f690 0m820 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Dijibouti +Ethiopia
> 2f707 0m825 +\-?f??? 0m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Vietnam
> 2f523 0m769 +\-0f299 0m091 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Australia
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Congo: CFL +KDL
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Ecuador
> 2f533 0m772 +\-0f043 0m013 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Indonesia: Wags +Loks
> 2f713 0m827 +\-0f174 0m053 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Japan: JNR.ED17 +Meitetsu.7000
> 2f464 0m751 +\-0f135 0m041 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of NewZ
> 2f875 0m876 +\-0f083 0m025 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of SAfrica +Rhodesia\Zambia\Zimbabwe
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Taiwan
> 2f781 0m848 +\-0f219 0m067 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Australia: NSWx
> 3f192 0m973 +\-0f157 0m048 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain: M003+M004+M006+M009
> 2f887 0m880 +\-0f033 0m010 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of China
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Cuba: FCdC
> 2f756 0m840 +\-0f164 0m050 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Japan
> 2f781 0m848 +\-0f107 0m032 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Korea
> 2f750 0m838 +\-0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of NAmerica: USxx +CAxx
> 2f917 0m889 +\-0f036 0m011 On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of Australia: SARail+VicRail
> 2f871 0m875 +\-0f410 0m125 On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of SAmerica: ALL +FePaSA
> 3f500 1m067 +\-0f125 0m038 On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack Of India +SriLanka

ALBx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> ALBert=ALBx Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.ALBx 1921~YLTD ShoA 1921~???? ALBx Concept+Design By K.Albert\Germany
Coup.ALBx 1921~YLTD ShoB 1921~???? ALBx For Tram\LRVs In Europe
> CKDx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
> L&Px Couplers Of LikeDimension Are COMPATIBLE
> SCHx Couplers Often Replace This Type On New\ReBuilt Tram\LRVs
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> ALBx~SCHx Adaptor
> ALBx~L&Px Coupler
MAKERS +VENDORS
> AlfaUnion
> Axtone
> Dellner
> Oleo
> Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling; Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =90kLb 400kN; MaximumTons =5023sT 4556mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack Of Europe

BSIx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> BergischeStahlInd=BSIx Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.BSIx 1950~YLTD ShoB 1950~???? BSIx By BergischeStahlInd\Germany
> Limited Use On DMUs +EMUs In Britian +Europe +China +Brazil
> Subject To Failure Due To Dirt\Ice Requiring Covers\Heaters
MAKERS +VENDORS
> BergischeStahlInd/Faiveley/WABTec
> CWE
> VIGA
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> BSIx~L&Hx Adaptor
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =191kLb 850kN; MaximumTons =10695sT 9703mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2015 BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2008 BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 1996 BRSx=BritRailStandard
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 3f035 0m925 +\-0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain: M005
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Europe
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of China
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of Brazil

CAKx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Willison\CоветскихAвтоКупплонгc=CAKx\CA3\SovietAuto=SAK\SA3\Russ Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.CAKx 1913~YLTD ShoA CAKx 1913~1965 Design+Development By J.Wilison +NaCo\USOh
Coup.CAK0 1913~YLTD ShoB CAK0\Sized050% 1913~???? For Mine +Farm +Park
Coup.CAK1 1913~YLTD ShoB CAK1\Sized075% 1913~???? For Mine +Farm +NarrowGage
Coup.CAK2+L&Hx 1932~YLTD ShoB CAK2 1913~???? NaCo+LAFLHenricot+Voith, DropLink Conversion From L&Hx
Coup.CAK3+L&Hx 1935~1953 ShoB CAK3 1935~1953NaCo+RZD, RightEar Conversion From L&Hx
Coup.CAK3 1954~YLTD ShoB CAK3 1954~???? RZD +NaCo+ASF, Improved Components+Profile, wOut RightEar
Coup.CAK4 1961~2016 ShoB CAK4 1961~2016 Knorr+LAFLHenricot+Voith, FullAuto For Unit Frht\Psgr Duty
Coup.CAK5+UICx 1994~YLTD ShoB CAK5 1994~???? Faiveley, DropLink Conversion, InterLock For HazMat+Rotary
> Used On 5f000\1m524 GageTrack Of Russia +FinLand +Ukraine +Mongolia...
> Used On 4f708\1m435 GageTrack Of Mauritania +NorWay +Sweden
> CAK2 +CAK3 +CAK4 +CAK5 SubTypes Are Compatible With Each Other
> CAK0\Sized050% +CAK1\Sized075% Used On Mine +Farm +Park Stock Are INCOMPATIBLE
> AARx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
MAKERS +VENDORS
> AmericanSteelFoundry\ASF
> BradKen\BK.CAK1\Sized075%
> CECo
> Dellner
> EGDK
> Haiduo Haiduo
> Hitachi
> HTEE
> Irwin
> Kila
> LAFLHenricot
> NationalCo\NaCo
> Newer
> PZDT
> RelianceHexham
> Retus
> RunKo
> RZPM
> SouzSklad
> VCM
> Voith
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> CAKx~AARx Adaptor
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 1913~1927 J.Willison+NaCo Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 1935~1953 RZD Design, RightEar For Conversion
> CAKx~L&Hx Adaptor 1954~???? RZD Design
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 19??~???? VR Design, RemoLink For Conversion+Shunting
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 19??~???? IRIR Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 19??~???? TCDD Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 1994~2009 Faiveley Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 2001~2013 LAFLHenricot Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~L&Hx Coupler 2014~2016 Voith Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~L&Px Adaptor J.Willison+NaCo Design
> CAKx~NORx Adaptor
> CAKx~SCHx Adaptor
> CAKx~SGFV Adaptor
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; ManlOnly Pipe+Elec With CAK0~CAK3
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec With CAK4~CAK5 Options
> MaximumDraw =661kLb 2940kN; MaximumTons =9149sT 8300mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2016 RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 2014 RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 2011 RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 2006 UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 1998 RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 1956 RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 1935 RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f333 0m406 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack Of Australia, CAK0\Sized050% Couplers
> 1f834 0m559 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack Of SAfrica, CAK1\Sized075% Couplers
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack Of Japan, CAK1\Sized075% Couplers
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Congo, CAK3 Couplers
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of France, CAK2 Couplers On SNCF.141TC
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of NAmerica, CAK3 Couplers
> 3f333 1m015 +\-0f208 0m065 On 5f000 1m524 GageTrack Of Russ, CAK2~CAK5 Couplers

CBBx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> CentreBufferBeam=CBBx\ZentralPuffer\MittelPuffer\Grondana Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.CBBx YFTD~YLTD ShoB CBBx
> Used On Legacy NarrowGage In Britain +Cambodia +France +PoLand +SierraLeone +SwitzerLand +Ukraine...
> Continued Use On Museum\Preserved\NonInterChange Stock For Historic\Economic Reasons
> Various Generally InCompatible Configurations
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> ?
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ?
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling, Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =?kLb ?kN, MaximumTons =?sT ?mT, TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f461 0m750 GageTrack Of Ukraine
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack Of Britain
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack Of SierraLeone
> 1f837 0m560 +\-0f082 0m025 On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Cambodia
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of France
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack Of PoLand
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Switzer

CKDx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> CzekKoDanek=CKDx\Tatra\Prague Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.CKDx 1949~YLTD ShoA CKDx 1949~2001 By Tatra\Czek For Tram\LRVs In Europe +Russ +Korea
Coup.CKDx 1949~YLTD ShoB CKDx 2002~???? By ATW\Czek =PraGo +KOS +VKVPraha
> ALBx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
> SCHx Couplers Often Replace This Type On New\ReBuilt Tram\LRVs
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> ?
MAKERS +VENDORS
> AlfaUnion
> CKD.Tatra
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling, Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =67kLb 300kN; MaximumTons =3770sT 3420mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f712 0m522 +\-0f121 0m037 On 1m000~1m524 GageTrack Of Europe +Russ +Korea

L&Hx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Link&Hook=L&Hx\Chain+Buffers\British\English\Euro Couplers
> ThreeLink=LooseLink\CloseLink=Instanter\ScrewLink Couplers In Britain +IreLand
> EuroUnionInterChem=UICx\Schrauben Kupplungs\Koppels In Europe
> BroadGage=BG Couplers In India +Pakistan +SriLanka
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.L&H3=ThreeLink 1804~1980 ShoBCoup.L&H3=ThreeLink 1804~YLTD Hook 1pix=m001Coup.L&H3=ThreeLink 1804~1980 Link 1pix=m001Coup.L&H3=ThreeLink 1804~1980 Buff 1pix=m001
...L&H3 Coupler...=.............GedgeHook.............+...............ThreeLink..............+...............0m457Buffs............
RailCarCoupler.UICC Sho0Coup.L&H3=ThreeLink 1804~YLTD Hook 1pix=m001RailCarCoupler.UICC Link 1pix=m001
...L&HC Coupler...=.............GedgeHook.............+...............CloseLink..............+...............0m521Buffs............
Coup.AARC=UICD=DHxx 1898~YLTD ShoBRailCarCoupler.UICD Hook 1pix=mXXXRailCarCoupler.UICD Link 1pix=m001
...L&HD Coupler...=.............DHeadHook.............+..............EmergLink..............+...............0m559Buffs............
Coup.L&HF=FrghtLink 1914~YLTD ShoBRailCarCoupler.UICF Hook 1pix=m001
...L&HF Coupler...=..............UnionHook.............+...............UnionLink...............+...............0m620Buffs.........
116px
...L&HI Coupler.....=............CBTransition...........+...............SwingLink...............+...............0m635Buffs.........
RailCarCoupler.UICP Sho0RailCarCoupler.UICF Hook 1pix=m001
...L&HP Coupler...=..............UnionHook.............+...............UnionLink...............+...............0m650Buffs.........
Coup.AARD=L&HS=SHxx 1903~YLTD ShoBRailCarCoupler.UICS Hook 1pix=mXXXRailCarCoupler.UICD Link 1pix=m001
...L&HS Coupler...=.............SHeadHook............+...............EmergLink..............+...............0m665Buffs.........
> 1804~1967 L&H3 Coupler Standardized For LooseCoupled Stock In Britain+Europe
> 1835~1950 L&Hx Coupler Development For TightCoupled Stock In Britain+Europe
> 1872~1925 L&Hx Coupler Typical In Japan Bfor 1925, Fully Replaced By AARx Coupler
> 1837~1979 L&Hx Coupler Typical In India Bfor 1979, Being Replaced By AARx Coupler
> 1890~1913 L&HC Coupler Standardized For CloseCoupled Stock In Britain
> 1898~1989 L&HD Coupler Standardized For DHeadCoupled CorridorPsgr +UnitFrht Stock In Britain
> 1914~1923 L&HF Coupler Standardized For TightCoupled Loks + FrhtStock In Britain+Europe
> 1915~???? L&Hx+L&Px+NORx Conversion To AARx+SCHx Couplers Progressing In Australia
> 1951~1962 L&HP Coupler Standardized For TightCoupled TypeX+Y+Z PsgrStock In Europe
> 1968~1980 L&H3 Coupler Retires With LooseCoupled FrhtStock In Britain+Europe
> 1980~???? L&Hx+L&Px+NORx Transition To AARx+SCHx Couplers Progressing In India
> 1998~2015 L&HS Coupler Standardized For SHeadCoupled UnitStock In Britain
> Widely Used In Britain+Europe+NAfrica+MidEast
> Limited Use In Asia+Australia+SAmerica
> L&H3+L&HC+L&HD+L&HF+L&HI+L&HP+L&HS SubTypes Are COMPATIBLE With Each Other
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> L&HD~AARC Coupler DropHead Used In Britain +IreLand, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid
> L&HS~AARD Coupler SwingHead Used In Britain, 1903 OriginalDesign By KruppAG\Germany
> L&HI~AARx Coupler SwingLink Used In India 1980~???? Conversion, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid
> L&Hx~CAKx Coupler J.Willison+NaCo Design 1913~1927
> L&Hx~CAKx Coupler RZD Design 1935~1953 With RightEar For Transition From L&Hx
> L&Hx~CAKx Adaptor RZD Design 1954~????
> L&Hx~SCHx Adaptor, Pic, Vid
> L&Hx~SCHx Coupler, Pic, Vid
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Axtone
> Chamunda
> Cook
> CWE
> Frontier
> Goehmann
> Haiduo Haiduo Haiduo
> LAFLHenricot
> Ming
> MSV MSV
> Obro
> Oleo
> RMT
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling; Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =337kLb 1500kN; MaximumTons =4900sT 4444mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2015: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2013: UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 2006: UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 1996: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 1973: IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f461 0m750 +\-0f??? 0m???, BuffSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack
> 2f396 0m730 +\-0f021 0m006, BuffSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack
> 3f458 1m054 +\-0f039 0m012, BuffSpread 5f704 1m739, On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain
> 3f422 1m043 +\-0f075 0m023, BuffSpread 5f741 1m750, On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Europe
> 3f543 1m080 +\-0f??? 0m???, BuffSpread 6f000 1m829, On 5f000 1m524 GageTrack
> 3f500 1m067 +\-0f??? 0m???, BuffSpread 6f333 1m930, On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of Australia: VR
> 3f500 1m067 +\-0f083 0m025, BuffSpread 6f250 1m905, On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of Ire
> 3f500 1m067 +\-0f125 0m038, BuffSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack

L&Px Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Link&Pin=L&Px\Cone\DumbBell\Johnston\Mayo\Trichter\Trumpet\VanDorn Couplers
> AutoBuffContact=ABC\AutoLink\Jepson Couplers In Britain+Europe
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.L&P0=Link&Pin0 1830~1892 ShoB 1830~1892 L&P0 Chain+Buffer Combo, Banned Due To Injuries & Operating Limits
Coup.L&PV=Link&PinV 1885~1922 ShoB 1885~1922 L&Pv Improvement By H.VanDorn@VDCo\USIL For LRVs
Coup.L&Pa=Link&PinA 1904~YLTD ShoB 1904~???? L&Pa Improvement By J.Jepson@ABCo+LAFLHenricot+Udyog
> Continued Use On Museum\Isolated Lines For Historic\Economic Reasons
> NORx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
> AARC +ALBx Couplers Of LikeDimension Are COMPATIBLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> L&Px~AARx Coupler Used In NAmerica 1893~1914 Conversion +SAfrica 1904~1957 Conversion
> L&Px~AARx Adaptor
> L&Px~CAKx Adaptor
> L&Px~SCHx Adaptor
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ABCo.Link&PinAutoBuffer
> CECo.Link&PinMayo
> LAFLHenricot.Link&PinAutoBuffer
> Udyog.Link&PinAutoBuffer
> VDCo.Link&PinVanDorn
OPERATION +RATINGS
> ManlOnly Coupling; ManlOnly Release; Manl Pipe+Elec With Original Version
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; Manl Pipe+Elec With Improved Version
> MaximumDraw =69kLb 307kN; MaximumTons =3858sT 3500mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f333 0m406 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack Of NAmerica
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack Of Bulgaria
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack Of Nigeria: BLR
> 2f583 0m787 +\-0f416 0m127 On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of USCo: D&SP +D&RG
> 2f917 0m889 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of SAfrica
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of USCa: CableCars
> 2f750 0m838 +\-0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of NAmerica

MHPx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo

ALSO KNOWN AS
> MillerHookPlatform=MHPx Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.MHPx 1863~1892 ShoA 1863~1866 MHPx Design By E.Miller\USNY, Patent#38057461265459456594
Coup.MHPx 1863~1892 ShoB 1863~1892 MHPx On NAmerican Psgr+Frht Wags, Replaced By AARx Couplers
> 1866~???? MHPx Couplers First Used On NY&E Psgr Stock
> Preserved On Historic\Museum\NonInterChange Stock
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> MHPx~AARx Coupler With SplitNuck For 1893~1914 Conversion In NAmerica
> MHPx~L&Px Coupler With LinkNuck For 1863~1892 Psgr Wags~Loks In NAmerica
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ?
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; Manual Pipe
> MaximumDraw =?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons =?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f750 0m838 +\-0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of NAmerica

NORx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> NORwegian=NORx\NorStateBanen=NSB Kupplungs\Koppels
> JonesLock=JLink=JL\KidneyLink Couplers In NewZ
> MeatChopper=MC\MetreGage=MG Couplers In India +Bangladesh +Burma +Thai+Tanzania
> Bell&Hook\Hook&Yoke Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.Norw 0003 1862~1897 NORx Design+Development By C.Pihl@NorStateBanen
RailCarCoupler.Norw 0000RailCarCoupler.Norw 0001RailCarCoupler.Norw 0002
> 1909~1949 NORx To CAKx+L&Hx Coupler Conversion Is Complete In Nor
> 1953~???? NORx To AARx+SHIB Coupler Conversion Progressing In Indonesia
> 1972~???? NORx To AARx+SCHx Coupler Conversion Progressing In NewZ
> Used In Nor +Australia +Benin +Britain +India +Indonesia +NewZ +SAfrica +Tanzania...
> Use Continues On Museum\Isolated Lines For Historic\Economic Reasons
> L&Px Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ABCo
> ADES
> HTEE
> LAFLHenricotMC
> TedRail
> Udyog
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> NORx~AARx Adaptor, Pic, Vid, Vid
> NORx~CAKx Adaptor
> NORx~SCHx Adaptor
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =55kLb 245kN; MaximumTons =885sT 803mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2013 NZTx=NewZTransit
> 1998 NZTx=NewZTransit IC Wags
> 1996 NZTx=NewZTransit IA Wags
> 1990 NZTx=NewZTransit CF Wags
> 1973 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f626 0m496 +\-0f210 0m064 On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack Of Africa +Australia +Britain
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 2f461 0m750 GageTrack Of NorUrskogHoland
> 2f250 0m686 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of BritainIsleOfMan
> 1f837 0m560 +\-0f082 0m025 On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of India +Bangladesh +Burma +Thai
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Nor: Thamshavn
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Tanzania
> 2f583 0m787 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Africa
> 2f458 0m749 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Australia
> 2f493 0m760 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Indonesia
> 2f464 0m751 +\-0f135 0m041 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of NewZNZR
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of NorNSBRoros+Setesdals

SCHx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> SCHarfenberg=SCHx\SchaKu\Dellner\Voith Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
Coup.SCHx 1903~YLTD ShoA 1903~1939 SCHx Design+Development By K.Scharfenberg\Germany
Coup.SCHx 1903~YLTD ShoB 1940~???? SCHx
> 1972~???? NORx To AARx+SCHx Conversion Progressing In NewZ
> Used WorldWide On DMUs +EMUs +Tram\LRVs
> Limited Use On Freight\Goods Stock In Europe
> Subject To Failure Due To Dirt\Ice Requiring Covers\Heaters
> SCHx 10\35\55\140\330\430\5301 SubTypes Are COMPATIBLE With Each Other
> SGFx+SHIB+SHIN+WABx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SCHx~AARx Adaptor
> SCHx~ALBx Adaptor
> SCHx~CAKx Adaptor
> SCHx~L&Px Adaptor
> SCHx~NORx Adaptor
> SCHx~L&Hx Adaptor, Pic, Vid
> SCHx~L&Hx Coupler, Pic, Vid
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Dellner
> Oleo
> Voith Voith Voith Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =338kLb 1500kN; MaximumTons =1102sT 1000mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2015: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2014: IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2008: UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 2004: IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 1996: BRSx=BritRailStandard
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of NewZ
> 3f363 1m025 +\-0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain
> 3f379 1m030 +\-0f033 0m010 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Europe
> 2f750 0m838 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of USTx: DCTA+TEXR
> 3f486 1m063 +\-0f121 0m037 On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack Of India
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Australia
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack Of USCa: BART

SGFx Couplers

Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> SecheronGeorgFischer=SGFx\+GF+ Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SGFN 0000 SGFNeben On NarrowGage In Europe
RailCarCoupler.SGFT 0000 SGFTram On Tram\LRVs In Europe
RailCarCoupler.SGFV 0000 SGFVorort On DMUs+EMUs In Europe
> Y???~Y??? Concept+Development By G.Fischer\Swiz
> Limited Use In Europe
> SGFN+SGFT+SGFV SubTypes Are INCOMPATIBLE With Each Other
> SCHx+SHIB+SHIN+WABx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SGFV~CAKx Adaptor
MAKERS +VENDORS
> SecheronGF
> Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =225kLb 1000kN; MaximumTons =12582sT 11414mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m???? +\-?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack Of Europe

SHIB Couplers

Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> SHIBata Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SHIB~ShoA SHIB 1929~1940 Concept+Development By M.Shibata\JapanRail+KoitoCo
RailCarCoupler.SHIB~ShoB
> Used On DMUs +EMUs +LRVs In Japan +Venezuela
> SCHx+SGFx+SHIN+WABx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SHIB~AARx Adaptor: LAFLHenricot
> SHIB~AARx Coupler, Vid
MAKERS +VENDORS
> NSSM
> Yujin
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons =?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f887 0m880 +\-0f131 ?m040 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Japan

SHIN Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> SHINkansen\BulletTrain Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SHIN~ShoA 1964~???? SHIN Evolved From SHIB Couplers For HSpeed EMUs In Japan
> SCHx+SGFx+SHIB+WABx Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SHIN~AARx For EMUs~Loks
MAKERS +VENDORS
> NSSM
> Fukushima
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons =?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Japan

SVTx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo
Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> SchwabVerkTech=SVTx Kupplungs\Koppels\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SVTx~ShoA 2000~2012 SVTx Development By SchwabVerkTech\Swiz To Replace SGFx
RailCarCoupler.SVTx~ShoB SVTx 2013~2017 Split From SGFx & Merge Into Faiveley+WABx
> Limited Use On DMUs +EMUs +Tram\LRVs In Europe
> SVTMetro +SVTStrass +SVTVoll SubTypes Are COMPATIBLE With Each Other
MAKERS +VENDORS
> SchwabVerkTech\Swiz
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons =?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m???? +\-?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack Of Europe

VANx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo

ALSO KNOWN AS
> VanDorn Couplers In NAmerica
> BanDung Couplers In Japan
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
> : 128px 1911~1946 VANx By H.VanDorn@VDCo For Tram\LRVs
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\-?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack Of NAmerica
> 2f083 0m635 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Japan: Hanshin~Mukogawa

WABx Couplers

Nfo Nfo
Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Budd\H2\BullPin\Pin&Cup\Tomlinson\Westinghouse Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic2 WABA On EMUs In NAmerica
RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic2 WABC On EMUs In NAmerica
RailCarCoupler.PinC 0000RailCarCoupler.PinC 0001RailCarCoupler.PinC 0002 WABN On EMUs In NAmerica+Brazil+Taiwan
RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0000RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0001RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0002 WABT On EMUs In NAmerica
> Used Aftr 1915 On EMUs In NAmerica +Australia +Brazil +Taiwan
> WABA +WABC +WABN +WABT SubTypes Are INCOMPATIBLE With Each Other
> SCHx +SGFx +SHIB +SHIN +WEDG Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> WABx~AARx For EMUs~Loks Rescue+Maintenance
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Voith Voith Voith Voith
> WABCo.OhioBrass
> WABTec.WABN
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =495kLb 2200kN; MaximumTons =27681sT 25112mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f750 0m838 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of NAmerica

WARD Couplers

Nfo Nfo
Vid

DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.WARD ShoA 1903~1917 WARD Design By F.Ward\USIL, Replaced L&Hx Couplers On TubeStock
RailCarCoupler.WARD ShoB 1905~1993 WARD Used On Legacy LU+Glasgow+IOW+Waterloo TubeStock
> WEDG Couplers Replaced This Type
> Continued Use On MaintenanceOfWay TubeStock
> Problematic SafetyChains Often Drag+Short 3rdRailLineElec\3RLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> WARD~L&Hx ?
> WARD~WEDG ?
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons =?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f296 0m395 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain

WEDG Couplers

Nfo
Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> WEDGelock=WEDG\London\Tube Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.WEDG~ShoA 1935~1936 WEDG Evolved From WABT Coupler, Replaced L&Hx+WARD Couplers
RailCarCoupler.WEDG~ShoB 1937~???? WEDG Standard On London+Glasgow+IsleOfWight+Waterloo TubeStock
> 1960~1967 Improved Release + Reversible Elec Contacts
> WABT Couplers Are Simular But INCOMPATIBLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> WEDG~L&Hx ?
> WEDG~WARD ?
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Cook
> CWE
> Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw =?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons =?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty =Maximum *0.33 ~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f296 0m395 +\-?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain
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