FANDOM


The RailCar Couplers Listed\Described\Depicted below are used worldwide on Legacy+Modern RailWays. Compatible+Like designs often are known by different Make\Brand\Regional\Nick names. Dimensions+Ratings listed are of Nominal\Typical Components+Systems, Standards+Practices vary widely with Railway\Region\Era.

Pick any IMAGE below for a LARGER view. DeadLinks MAY be revived from the WebArchive.

AARx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> AARx=AmericanAssociateRailway Couplers
> APTx=AmericanPublicTransport Couplers
> ARAx=AmericanRailAssociation Couplers
> MCBx=MasterCarBuilder Couplers
> Janney\Knuckle\Nuck Couplers
> AmericanSteelFoundry.Alliance Couplers ~WorldWide
> SASKop.XS =Alliance Couplers ~SAfrica +Botswana +Tanzania +Zambia
> BradKen.Ultra \RailIndustrySuppliesHD =Alliance Couplers ~Australia
> Henricot.Atlas =Alliance Couplers ~Congo +Dijibouti +Ethiopia +Ecuador +India
> Henricot.TypeD =Alliance Couplers ~BeNeLux
> Henricot.TypeH =TightLock Couplers ~BeNeLux
> VanDorn.20\31 =TightLock Couplers ~USNY +USIL
> JSWL.Alliance +NCA =AARH +NCB =AARH*075% ~Japan
> DropHead =AARC Couplers ~Britain +Australia +Europe
> SwingHead =Alliance Couplers ~Britain +Australia +SriLanka
> SwingLinkTransition\CentreBuffer\CB =Alliance\AARE\AARH Couplers ~India +SriLanka
> UralVagonZavod133 =AARE Couplers ~RussiaExports
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.AARx.ShoA AARx 1873~1914 Concept+Development By E.Janney\USVa+Mc&T+PRR+MCB
RailCarCoupler.AARC ShoC AARC 1893~1914 Contour5 0m235Head 0m229Nuck Split To Convert L&Px+MHPx
RailCarCoupler.AARD.ShoD AARD 1915~1931 Contour10 0m305Head 0m229Nuck By A.Bazeley\USOh+NaCo
RailCarCoupler.AARE.ShoE AARE 1932 Contour10A 0m305Head 0m279Nuck For General Frht+Psgr Duty
RailCarCoupler.AARF.ShoF AARF 1954 Contour10A 0m305IntrLockHead 0m279Nuck For Loks+HazMat+Rotary
RailCarCoupler.AARH.ShoH AARH 1947 Contour10A 0m305TightLockHead 0m279Nuck For PsgrWags+MUs
> 1884~1885 L&Px+MHPx Conversion To AARx Couplers Begins In NAmerica
> 1888~???? E.Janney+Mc&T Contour Patents Released To All Coupler Manufacturers
> 1893~1914 L&Px+MHPx Conversion To AARx Couplers Is Complete In NAmerica
> 1904~1940 L&Px+NORx+UICx Conversion To AARx Couplers Is Complete In China
> 1904~???? L&Px+NORx+UICx Conversion To AARx Couplers Progressing In SAfrica
> 1915~???? L&Px+NORx+UICx Conversion To AARx+SCHx Couplers Progressing In Australia
> 1925~1925 L&Px+NORx+UICx Conversion To AARx Couplers Is Complete In Japan
> 1972~???? NORx Conversion To AARx+SCHx Couplers Progressing In NewZ
> 1978~???? AARE\AARF Couplers With Shelfs Required On HazMat Wags In NAmerica
> 1980~???? L&Px+NORx+UICx Conversion To AARx Couplers Progressing In India
> Standard In LatinAmerica +NAmerica +NewZ +Africa +Asia +Austrialia +China +India +Indonesia...
> Limited Use In Europe+Britain On Unitized Frht+Psgr Stock
> Types AARC +Alliance +AARD +AARE +AARF +AARH Are Compatible With Each Other
> Sizes 050% +075% Used On Park +Industry +Farm +Tourist Stock Are NOT Compatible
> Simular To InCompatible CAKx Couplers
> UpTo 0m533 TallNucks Are Used On Tram+Logging+Ferry Stock Running Rough\UnEven Track
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> AARx~CAKx Adaptor
> AARx~L&Px Adaptor
> AARx~L&Px Coupler SplitNuck Used In NAmerica 1893~1914 Conversion
> AARx~NORx Adaptor, Vid, Vid
> AARx~SCHx Adaptor
> AARx~SHIB Adaptor: JR, LAF
> AARx~SHIB Coupler: JR, Vid
> AARx~UICD Coupler DropHead Used In Britain +Australia, Vid, Vid, Vid
> AARx~UICS Coupler SwingHead Used In Britain +SriLanka, 1904 Original Design
> AARx~UICI Coupler SwingLink Used In India 1980~???? Conversion, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid
> AARx~WABA Adaptor
> AARx~WABN Adaptor
> AARx~WABT Adaptor
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ABC.AARC
> ADE.Alliance +AARE
> AGWildDropHead =AARC
> AmericanSteelFoundry.Alliance +AARE +AARF
> BradKen.Ultra \RailIndustrySuppliesHD =Alliance
> CastProductsSASKop.XS =Alliance +AARE +AARF
> ColumbusCastings AARE +AARF +AARH
> Dellner.AARH
> EscortsAARH
> Haiduo.AARE +AARF
> IrwinCarEquipment.Sharon10 =AARD*075%
> HTEEAARE +AARF
> JSWL.Alliance +NCA =AARH +NCB =AARH*075%
> KQMM.AARF
> LAFHenricot DropHead =AARC ~BR +TypeD =Alliance ~NMBS\SNCB
> Matrix.AARE +AARF +AARH
> Mc&T.AARC +AARD +AARE +AARF
> NaCo.Sharon =AARC
> NSSM.AARH
> OMBESCoAlliance*075% +Alliance +AARE +AARF +AARH +SwingLink
> Patton&Cooke.Control+PowerCables
> Sable.SASKop =Alliance +AARE
> Strato.AARE
> TedRail.SASKop =Alliance +AARE +AARF
> UralVagonZavod133 =AARE
> VanDorn.20\31 =TightLock
> Voith.AARH
> WABTec.AARE +AARF
> WilliamCookRail.DropHead =AARC +SwingHead =Alliance +TightLock =AARH
> Yujin.AARE
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; ManlOnly Pipe+Elec With AARC~AARF
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec With AARH Options
> MaximumDraw=650kLb 2891kN; MaximumTons=36376sT 33000mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
> ContourSlack Is 1i188 0m030 +\- 0i562 0m014 For Mated AARC Couplers
> ContourSlack Is 1i406 0m036 +\- 0i453 0m012 For Mated AARD Couplers
> ContourSlack Is 1i141 0m029 +\- 0i359 0m009 For Mated AARE Couplers
> ContourSlack Is 0i688 0m018 +\- 0i312 0m007 For Mated AARF Couplers
> ContourSlack Is 0i257 0m007 +\- 0i118 0m003 For Mated AARH Couplers
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ???? AARx=AmericanAssocRailway: Ndex
> ???? APTx=AmericanPublicTransport: Ndex
> ???? ARAx=AmericanRailAssociation: Ndex
> ???? MCBx=MasterCarBuilder: Ndex
> 2018 NSWx=NewSouthWales \ ARIx=AustraliaRailIndustry \ IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2015 BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2014 AARx=AmericanAssocRailway
> 2013 AARx=AmericanAssocRailway \ NZTx=NewZTransit \ IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2010 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign \ NSWx=NewSouthWales: Maintenance, ReBuild
> 2009 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2004 APTx=AmericanPublicTransport: Purchase, Maintenance, ReBuild \ IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2003 CaBC=CanadaBritishColumbia
> 2002 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 1996 BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 1984 AARx=AmericanAssocRailway
> 1979 PCFx=PacificCarFoundry
> 1973 IRDx=IndiaRailDesign Page92~97
> 1933 N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1925 N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1917 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder Page57~60
> 1914 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder \ N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1909 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder
> 1905 N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1903 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder
> 1897 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder
> 1893 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder \ ISCx=InterStateCommerce
> 1892 N&Wx=Norfolk&Western \ N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
> 1887 MCBx=MasterCarBuilder \ N&Wx=Norfolk&Western
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 1f500 0m457 GageTrack Of USCa: BJWC, AARC *050%
> 1f333 0m406 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack Of USMe: WW&F, AARC *075%
> 1f667 0m508 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack Of Australia: VR +PBR, AARC *???%
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of USAk: WPY, AARD*075%
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of USPa: EBT, AARC *075%
> 2f583 0m787 +\- 0f416 0m127 On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack Of USCo: D&SP +D&RG, AARC *100%
> 1f837 0m560 +\- 0f082 0m025 On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Cambodia +Burma +Thai
> 2f690 0m820 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Dijibouti +Ethiopia
> 2f707 0m825 +\- ?f??? 0m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack Of Vietnam
> 2f523 0m769 +\- 0f299 0m091 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Australia
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Congo: CFL +KDL
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Ecuador
> 2f533 0m772 +\- 0f043 0m013 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Indonesia: Wags +Loks
> 2f713 0m827 +\- 0f174 0m053 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Japan: JNR.ED17 +Meitetsu.7000
> 2f464 0m751 +\- 0f135 0m041 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of NewZ
> 2f875 0m876 +\- 0f083 0m025 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of SAfrica +Rhodesia\Zambia\Zimbabwe
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Taiwan
> 2f781 0m848 +\- 0f219 0m067 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Australia: NSWx
> 3f192 0m973 +\- 0f157 0m048 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain: M003 +M004 +M006 +M009
> 2f887 0m880 +\- 0f033 0m010 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of China
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Cuba: FCdC
> 2f756 0m840 +\- 0f164 0m050 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Japan
> 2f781 0m848 +\- 0f107 0m032 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Korea
> 2f750 0m838 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of NAmerica: USxx +CaBC
> 2f917 0m889 +\- 0f036 0m011 On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of Australia: SARail, VicRail
> 2f871 0m875 +\- 0f410 0m125 On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of SAmerica: ALL +FePaSA
> 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack Of India +SriLanka

ALBx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Albert Koplers\Koppels\Kupplungs\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.ALBx~ShoA ALBx 1921~???? Concept+Development K.Albert\Germany
RailCarCoupler.ALBx~ShoB
> Used On Legacy Tram\LRVs In Europe
> Often Replaced By SCHx Couplers On New\ReBuilt Tram\LRVs
> Simular To InCompatible CKDx Couplers
> Compatible With L&Px Couplers Of Like Dimension
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> ALBx~SCHx Adaptor
> ALBx~L&Px Coupler
MAKERS +VENDORS
> AlfaUnion
> Axtone
> Dellner
> Oleo
> Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling; Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=90kLb 400kN; MaximumTons=5023sT 4556mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack In Europe

BSIx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> BergischeStahlInd Koplers\Koppels\Kupplungs\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.BSIx~0001 BSIx 1950~???? BergischeStahlInd\Germany
> Limited Use On DMUs +EMUs In Britian +Europe +China +Brazil
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> BSIx~UICx Adaptor
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=191kLb 850kN; MaximumTons=10695sT 9703mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2015: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2008: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 1996: BRSx=BritRailStandard
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 3f035 0m925 +\- 0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Britain: M005
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Europe
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In China
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack In Brazil

CAKx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> CA3\CAK\CоветскихAвтоКупплонгc
> SA3\SAK\SovietAutoKoplers\Koppels\Kupplungs
> Mine\Russian\Willison Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.CAKx 0002 CAKx 1913~1965 Concept+Development By J.Wilison\USOh+NaCo
RailCarCoupler.CAK0 1913~YYYY ShoA CAK0 1913~???? Size050% For Mine +Farm +Park
RailCarCoupler.CAK1 1913~YYYY ShoA CAK1 1913~???? Size075% For Mine +Farm +NarrowGage
RailCarCoupler.CAK2~UICx 1932~YYYY ShoA CAK2 1913~???? NaCo+LAF+Voith, DropLink For Conversion From UICx
RailCarCoupler.CAK3~UICx 1935~1953 ShoA CAK3 1935~1953NaCo+RZD, RightEar For Conversion From UICx
RailCarCoupler.CAK3 1954~YYYY ShoA CAK3 1954~???? NaCo+RZD, Improved Components+Profile, wOut RightEar
RailCarCoupler.CAK4 1961~2016 Knor+LAFL+Voit.AK69 ShoA CAK4 1961~2016 Knorr+LAFL+Voith, FullAuto For Unit Frht\Psgr Duty
RailCarCoupler.CAKx~UICx 1994~2009 Faiv ShoA CAK5 1994~2009 Faiveley, DropLink For Conversion, InterLock For HazMat+Rotary
> Typical On 5f000 1m524 GageTrack In RussSubContinent =Russia +FinLand +Ukraine +Mongolia...
> Types CAK2 +CAK3 +CAK4 +CAK5 Are Compatible With Each Other
> Sizes 050% +075% =CAK0 +CAK1 Used On Mine +Farm +Park Stock Are NOT Compatible
> Simular To InCompatible AARx Couplers
MAKERS +VENDORS
> AmericanSteelFoundry\ASF
> BradKen\BK.CAK1*075%
> CECo
> Dellner
> EGDK
> Haiduo Haiduo
> Hitachi
> HTEE
> Irwin
> Kila
> LAF
> NationalCo\NaCo
> PZDT
> RelianceHexham
> Retus
> RunKo
> RZPM
> SouzSklad
> VCM
> Voith
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> CAKx~AARx Adaptor
> CAKx~L&Px Adaptor J.Willison+NaCo Design
> CAKx~NORx Adaptor
> CAKx~SCHx Adaptor
> CAKx~SGFV Adaptor
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 1913~1927 J.Willison+NaCo Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 1935~1953 RZD Design, RightEar For Conversion
> CAKx~UICx Adaptor 1954~???? RZD Design
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 19??~???? VR Design, RemoLink For Conversion+Shunting
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 19??~???? IRIR Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 19??~???? TCDD Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 1994~2009 Faiveley Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 2001~2013 LAFL Design, DropLink For Conversion
> CAKx~UICx Coupler 2014~2016 Voith Design, DropLink For Conversion
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; ManlOnly Pipe+Elec With CAK0~CAK3
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec With CAK4~CAK5 Options
> MaximumDraw=661kLb 2940kN; MaximumTons=9149sT 8300mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2016: RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 2014: RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 2011: RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 2006: UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 1998: RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 1956: RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
> 1935: RZDx=RussZhelDor=RussIronRoad
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f333 0m406 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack In Australia, CAK0 Couplers Size050%
> 1f834 0m559 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack In SAfrica, CAK1 Couplers Size075%
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack In Japan, CAK1 Couplers Size075%
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In Congo, CAK3 Couplers
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In France, CAK2 Couplers On SNCF.141TC
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In NAmerica, CAK3 Couplers
> 3f333 1m015 +\- 0f208 0m065 On 5f000 1m524 GageTrack In Russia, CAK2~CAK5 Couplers

CBBx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> CentreBufferBeam=CBB\ZentralPuffer\MittelPuffer Koplers\Koppels\Kupplungs\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.CBBx ShoA CBBx
> Used On Legacy NarrowGage In Britain +Cambodia +France +PoLand +SwitzerLand +Ukraine...
> Continued Use On Museum\NonInterChange Lines For Historic\Economic Reasons
> Various Generally InCompatible Configurations
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> ?
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ?
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling, Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaxDraw ?kLb ?kN, Max Tons ?sT ?mT, Typ Duty Max*33%~67%
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f461 0m750 GageTrack In Ukraine
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack In Britain
> 1f837 0m560 +\- 0f082 0m025 On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack In Cambodia
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack In France
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack In PoLand
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack In SwitzerLand

CKDx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> CzekKoDanek\Tatra\Prague Koppels\Koplers\Kupplungs\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.CKDx~ShoA CKDx 1949~2001 Tatra\Czek For Tram\LRVs In Europe +Russia +Korea
RailCarCoupler.CKDx~ShoB CKDx 2002~???? AllianceTW\Czek = PraGo + KOS + VKVPraha
> Often Replaced By SCHx Couplers On New+ReBuilt Tram\LRVs
> Simular To InCompatible ALBx Couplers
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> ?
MAKERS +VENDORS
> AlfaUnion
> CKD.Tatra
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling, Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=67kLb 300kN; MaximumTons=3770sT 3420mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f712 0m522 +\- 0f121 0m037 On 1m000~1m524 GageTrack

L&Px Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Link&Pin\Cone\DumbBell\Johnston\Mayo\Trichter\Trumpet Couplers
> AutoBuffContact=ABC\AutoLink\Jepson Couplers In Britain+Europe
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.L&P0~ShoA L&Px 1804~1892 Evolved As Simple ChainLink+CentreBuffer Combo
RailCarCoupler.L&PA~ShoA L&PA 1893~1914 Banned In Most Regions Due To Injuries
RailCarCoupler.L&PB~ShoA L&PB 1902~1961 Improved Design By J.Jepson@ABCCo\Brit
> Continued Use On Museum\NonInterChange Lines For Historic\Economic Reasons
> Simular To InCompatible NORx Couplers
> Compatible With AARC + ALBx Couplers Of Like Dimension
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> L&Px~AARx Coupler Used In NAmerica 1893~1914 Conversion +SAfrica 1904~1957 Conversion
> L&Px~AARx Adaptor
> L&Px~CAKx Adaptor
> L&Px~SCHx Adaptor
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ABC
> CECo
> LAFL
> Udyog
OPERATION +RATINGS
> ManlOnly Coupling; ManlOnly Release; Manl Pipe+Elec With Original Version
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; Manl Pipe+Elec With Improved Version
> MaximumDraw=69kLb 307kN; MaximumTons=3858sT 3500mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f333 0m406 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack In NAmerica
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 2f500 0m762 GageTrack In Bulgaria
> 2f583 0m787 +\- 0f416 0m127 On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack In USCo: D&SP +D&RG
> 2f917 0m889 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In SAfrica
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In USCa: CableCars
> 2f750 0m838 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In NAmerica

MHPx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo

ALSO KNOWN AS
> MillerHookPlatform Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.MHPx~ShoA MHPx 1863~1866 By E.Miller\USNY E.Miller\USNY E.Miller\USNY E.Miller\USNY
RailCarCoupler.MHPx~ShoB MHPx 1863~1914 Used In NAmerica On Psgr Wags, Replaced By AARx Couplers
> Preserved On Historic\Museum\NonInterChange Stock
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> MHPx~AARx Coupler With SplitNuck For 1893~1914 Conversion In NAmerica
> MHPx~L&Px Coupler With LinkNuck For 1863~1892 Psgr Wags~Loks In NAmerica
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ?
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; Manual Pipe
> MaximumDraw=?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons=?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f750 0m838 +\- 0f125 0m038 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In NAmerica

NORx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> NorStateBahn=NSB Koplers In NorWay
> JonesLock=JL Couplers In NewZ
> MeterConvention=MC\MeterGage=MG Couplers In India +Bangladesh +Burma +Thai+Tanzania
> Bell&Hook\Chopper\Hook&Yoke Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.Norw 0003 NORx 1870~???? Concept+Development By NorStateBahn\NSB
RailCarCoupler.Norw 0000RailCarCoupler.Norw 0001RailCarCoupler.Norw 0002
> 1953~???? Converting NORx To AARx+SHIB Couplers Progressing In Indonesia
> 1972~???? Converting NORx To AARx+SCHx Couplers Progressing In NewZ
> Used In NorWay +Australia +Benin +Britain +India +Indonesia +NewZ +SAfrica +Tanzania...
> Use Continues On Museum\NonInterChange Lines For Historic\Economic Reasons
> Simular To InCompatible L&Px Couplers
MAKERS +VENDORS
> ABC
> ADES
> HTEE
> LAFL\MC
> TedRail
> Udyog
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> NORx~AARx Adaptor, Pic, Vid, Vid
> NORx~CAKx Adaptor
> NORx~SCHx Adaptor
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=55kLb 245kN; MaximumTons=885sT 803mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2013: NZTx=NewZTransit
> 1998: NZTx=NewZTransit IC Wags
> 1996: NZTx=NewZTransit IA Wags
> 1990: NZTx=NewZTransit CF Wags
> 1973: IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f626 0m496 +\- 0f210 0m064 On 2f000 0m610 GageTrack In Africa +Australia +Britain
> 2f250 0m686 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f000 0m914 GageTrack In Britain: IsleOfMan
> 1f837 0m560 +\- 0f082 0m025 On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack In India +Bangladesh +Burma +Thai
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack In Tanzania
> 2f583 0m787 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In Africa
> 2f458 0m749 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In Australia
> 2f493 0m760 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In Indonesia
> 2f464 0m751 +\- 0f135 0m041 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In NewZ
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In NorWay

SCHx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Scharfenberg\SchaKu\Dellner\Voith Koplers\Koppels\Kupplungs\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SCHx~ShoA SCHx 1903~1939 K.Scharfenberg\Germany K.Scharfenberg\Germany
RailCarCoupler.SCHx~ShoB SCHx 1940~????
> 1972~???? NORx To AARx+SCHx Conversion Progressing In NewZ
> Used WorldWide On DMUs +EMUs +Tram\LRVs
> Limited Use On Freight\Goods Stock In Europe
> SubTypes 10\35\55\140\330\430\5301 Are Compatible & Mate To Each Other
> Subject To Failure Due To Dirt\Ice Requiring Covers\Heaters
> Simular To InCompatible SGFx\SHIB\SHIN\WABx Couplers
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SCHx~AARx Adaptor
> SCHx~ALBx Adaptor
> SCHx~CAKx Adaptor
> SCHx~L&Px Adaptor
> SCHx~NORx Adaptor
> SCHx~UICx Adaptor, Pic, Vid
> SCHx~UICx Coupler, Pic, Vid
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Dellner
> Oleo
> Voith Voith Voith Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=338kLb 1500kN; MaximumTons=1102sT 1000mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2015: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2014: IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 2008: UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 2004: IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
> 1996: BRSx=BritRailStandard
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In NewZ
> 3f363 1m025 +\- 0f039 0m012 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Britain: M007
> 3f379 1m030 +\- 0f033 0m010 On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Europe
> 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In USTx: DCTA+TEXR
> 3f486 1m063 +\- 0f121 0m037 On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack In India
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Australia
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack In USCa: BART

SGFx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> SecheronGeorgFischer=SGF\+GF+ Koplers\Koppels\Kupplungs\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SGFN 0000 SGFNeben On NarrowGage In Europe
RailCarCoupler.SGFT 0000 SGFTram On Tram\LRVs In Europe
RailCarCoupler.SGFV 0000 SGFVorort On DMUs+EMUs In Europe
> Y???~Y??? G.Fischer\Swiz
> Limited Acceptance+Use In Europe
> Types SGFN+SGFT+SGFV Are InCompatible & Do NOT Mate
> Simular To InCompatible SCHx \ SHIB \ SHIN \ WABx Couplers
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SGFV~CAKx Adaptor
MAKERS +VENDORS
> SecheronGF
> Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=225kLb 1000kN; MaximumTons=12582sT 11414mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m???? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack

SHIB Couplers

Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Shibata Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SHIB~ShoA SHIB 1929~1940 Concept+Development By M.Shibata\JapanRail+KoitoCo
RailCarCoupler.SHIB~ShoB
> Used On DMUs +EMUs +LRVs In Japan +Venezuela
> Simular To InCompatible SCHx\SGFx\SHIN\WABx Couplers
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SHIB~AARx Adaptor: LAFL
> SHIB~AARx Coupler, Vid
MAKERS +VENDORS
> NSSM
> Yujin
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons=?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f887 0m880 +\- 0f131 ?m040 On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack In Japan

SHIN Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Shinkansen\BulletTrain Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SHIN~ShoA SHIN 1964~???? Evolved From SHIB Couplers For HSpeed EMUs In Japan
> Simular To InCompatible SCHx\SGFx\SHIB\WABx Couplers
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> SHIN~AARx For EMUs~Loks
MAKERS +VENDORS
> NSSM
> Fukushima
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons=?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Japan

SVTx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> SchwabVerkTech=SVTx Koplers\Koppels\Kupplungs\Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.SVTx~ShoA SVTx 2000~2012 Design By SchwabVerkTech\Swiz To Replace SGFx Couplers
RailCarCoupler.SVTx~ShoB SVTx 2013~2017 Split From SGFx & Merge Into Faiveley+WABx
> Limited Use On DMUs +EMUs +Tram\LRVs In Europe
> Types SVTMetro +SVTStrass +SVTVoll Are Compatible & Mate To Each Other
MAKERS +VENDORS
> SchwabVerkTech\Swiz
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons=?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m???? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack

UICx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Buffers+Chain+Hook\ThreeLooseLink\CloseInstantLink\EnglishScrew Couplers
> EuroScrew\Schrauben\UnionInterChem=UICx Koplers\Koppels\Kupplungs
> BroadGage=BG Couplers In India +Pakistan +SriLanka
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.UIC3 Sho0RailCarCoupler.UIC3 Hook 1pix=m001RailCarCoupler.UIC3 Link 1pix=m001RailCarCoupler.UIC3 Buff 1pix=m001
....UIC3 Coupler...=.............GedgeHook.............+...............ThreeLink..............+...............0m457Buffs............
RailCarCoupler.UICC Sho0RailCarCoupler.UIC3 Hook 1pix=m001RailCarCoupler.UICC Link 1pix=m001
....UICC Coupler...=.............GedgeHook.............+...............CloseLink..............+...............0m521Buffs............
RailCarCoupler.UICD Sho0RailCarCoupler.UICD Hook 1pix=mXXXRailCarCoupler.UICD Link 1pix=m001
....UICD Coupler...=.............DHeadHook.............+..............EmergLink..............+...............0m559Buffs............
RailCarCoupler.UICF Sho0RailCarCoupler.UICF Hook 1pix=m001
....UICF Coupler...=..............UnionHook.............+...............UnionLink...............+...............0m620Buffs.........
RailCarCoupler.UICP Sho0RailCarCoupler.UICF Hook 1pix=m001
....UICP Coupler...=..............UnionHook.............+...............UnionLink...............+...............0m665Buffs.........
RailCarCoupler.UICS Sho0RailCarCoupler.UICS Hook 1pix=mXXXRailCarCoupler.UICD Link 1pix=m001
....UICS Coupler...=.............SHeadHook............+...............EmergLink..............+...............0m665Buffs.........
> 1804~1967 UIC3 Coupler Standardized For LooseCoupled Stock In Britain+Europe
> 1835~1950 UICx Coupler Development For TightCoupled Stock In Britain+Europe
> 1872~1925 UICx Coupler Typical In Japan Bfor 1925, Fully Replaced By AARx Coupler
> 1837~1979 UICx Coupler Typical In India Bfor 1979, Being Replaced By AARx Coupler
> 1890~1913 UICC Coupler Standardized For CloseCoupled Stock In Britain
> 1914~1923 UICF Coupler Standardized For TightCoupled Loks + FrhtStock In Britain+Europe
> 1915~???? L&Px+NORx+UICx Conversion To AARx+SCHx Couplers Progressing In Australia
> 1923~1989 UICD Coupler Standardized For DHeadCoupled UnitStock In Britain
> 1951~1962 UICP Coupler Standardized For TightCoupled TypeX+Y+Z PsgrStock In Europe
> 1968~1980 UIC3 Coupler Retires Along With LooseCoupled FrhtStock In Britain+Europe
> 1998~2015 UICS Coupler Standardized For SHeadCoupled UnitStock In Britain
> Widely Used In Britain+Europe+NAfrica+MidEast
> Limited Use In Asia+Australia+SAmerica
> Types UIC3+UICC+UICD+UICF+UICP+UICS Are Compatible & Mate To Each Other
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> UICD~AARx Coupler DropHead\BuckEye Used In Britain+Australia, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid
> UICS~AARx Coupler SwingHead Used In Britain+SriLanka, 1904 Original Design
> UICI~AARx Coupler SwingLink Used In India 1980~???? Conversion, Vid, Vid, Vid, Vid
> UICx~CAKx Coupler J.Willison+NaCo Design 1913~1927
> UICx~CAKx Coupler RZD Design 1935~1953 With RightEar For InterChange\Conversion From UICx
> UICx~CAKx Adaptor RZD Design 1954~????
> UICx~SCHx Adaptor, Pic, Vid
> UICx~SCHx Coupler, Pic, Vid
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Axtone
> Chamunda
> Frontier
> Goehmann
> Haiduo Haiduo Haiduo
> LAFL
> Ming
> MSV MSV
> Obro
> Oleo
> RMT
> WilliamCook
OPERATION +RATINGS
> Manual Coupling; Manual Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=337kLb 1500kN; MaximumTons=4900sT 4444mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> 2015: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 2013: UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 2006: UICx=EuroUnionInterChem
> 1996: BRSx=BritRailStandard
> 1973: IRDx=IndiaRailDesign
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f461 0m750 +\- 0f??? 0m???, BuffSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f281 1m000 GageTrack
> 2f396 0m730 +\- 0f021 0m006, BuffSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack
> 3f458 1m054 +\- 0f039 0m012, BuffSpread 5f704 1m739, On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Britain
> 3f422 1m043 +\- 0f075 0m023, BuffSpread 5f741 1m750, On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack Of Europe
> 3f543 1m080 +\- 0f??? 0m???, BuffSpread 6f000 1m829, On 5f000 1m524 GageTrack
> 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f??? 0m???, BuffSpread 6f333 1m930, On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of Australia: VR
> 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f083 0m025, BuffSpread 6f250 1m905, On 5f250 1m600 GageTrack Of Ire
> 3f500 1m067 +\- 0f125 0m038, BuffSpread ?f??? ?m???, On 5f500 1m676 GageTrack

VANx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo Nfo

ALSO KNOWN AS
> VanDorn Couplers In NAmerica
> BanDung Couplers In Japan
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
> VANx 1882~1946 Concept+Development By H.VanDorn\USIL
CENTER OVER RAILS
> ?f??? ?m??? +\- ?f??? ?m??? On ?f??? ?m??? GageTrack Of NAmerica
> 2f083 0m635 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 3f500 1m067 GageTrack Of Japan

WABx Couplers

Nfo Nfo Vid Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> Budd\H2\BullPin\Pin&Cup\Tomlinson\Westinghouse Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Ax~Pic2 WABA On EMUs In NAmerica
RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic0RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic1RailCarCoupler.H2Cx~Pic2 WABC On EMUs In NAmerica
RailCarCoupler.PinC 0000RailCarCoupler.PinC 0001RailCarCoupler.PinC 0002 WABN On EMUs In NAmerica
RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0000RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0001RailCarCoupler.Tomlinson 0002 WABT On EMUs In NAmerica
> Used On EMUs In NAmerica+Australia Aftr 1915
> Types WABA\WABC\WABN\WABT Are InCompatible & Do NOT Mate
> Simular To InCompatible SCHx \ SGFx \ SHIB \ SHIN \ WEDG Couplers
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> WABx~AARx For EMUs~Loks Rescue+Maintenance
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Voith Voith Voith Voith
> WABCo.OhioBrass
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons=?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 2f750 0m838 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In NAmerica

WARD Couplers

Nfo Nfo Vid

DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.WARD ShoA WARD 1903~1917 Design By F.Ward\USIL, Replaced UICx Coupler On TubeStock
RailCarCoupler.WARD ShoB WARD 1905~1993 Used On Legacy LU+Glasgow+IOW+Waterloo TubeStock
> Replaced By WEDG Couplers
> Continued Use On MaintenanceOfWay TubeStock
> Problematic SafetyChains Often Drag+Short 3rdRailLineElec\3RLE
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> WARD~UICx ?
> WARD~WEDG ?
OPERATION +RATINGS
> SemiAuto Coupling; SemiAuto Release; Manual Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons=?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f296 0m395 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Britain

WEDG Couplers

Nfo Vid Vid Vid

ALSO KNOWN AS
> WedgeLock\London\Tube Couplers
DEVELOPMENT +USAGE
RailCarCoupler.WEDG~ShoA WEDG 1935~1936 Evolved From WABT Coupler, Replaced UICx+WARD Couplers
RailCarCoupler.WEDG~ShoB WEDG 1937~???? Standard On London+Glasgow+IsleOfWight+Waterloo TubeStock
> 1960~1967 Improved With Reversible Elec Contacts + More Reliable Release
> Simular To InCompatible WABT Couplers
COMPROMISE COUPLERS +ADAPTORS
> WEDG~UICx ?
> WEDG~WARD ?
MAKERS +VENDORS
> Cook
> Voith
OPERATION +RATINGS
> FullAuto Coupling; FullAuto Release; FullAuto Pipe+Elec
> MaximumDraw=?kLb ?kN; MaximumTons=?sT ?mT; TypicalDuty=Maximum*0.33~0.67
STANDARDS +PRACTICES
> ????
CENTER OVER RAILS
> 1f296 0m395 +\- ?f??? ?m??? On 4f708 1m435 GageTrack In Britain